St. Clair is well-known for his role with Laconia Motorcycle Week, which traces its roots to a Gypsy Tour stop a group of riders made in The Weirs section of Laconia during the summer of 1916. St. Clair said Ashland the office cat also appears to have been claimed by the fire. The canal was extended to the Mersey at Runcorn by 1776. [166], Since 2007 the city has hosted the Manchester International Festival, a biennial international arts festival with a focus on original work, which has included major new commissions by artists, including Bjork. The two began writing The Communist Manifesto in Chetham's Library[183] – founded in 1653 and claiming to be the oldest public library in the English-speaking world. [85] The green belt was first drawn up in 1961. 2 location for "Best Places To Invest in Property in the UK". An American visitor taken to Manchester's blackspots saw "wretched, defrauded, oppressed, crushed human nature, lying and bleeding fragments".[42]. Manchester's civic leadership has a reputation for business acumen. In 1889, when county councils were created in England, the municipal borough became a county borough with even greater autonomy. [21], During the English Civil War Manchester strongly favoured the Parliamentary interest. [197] Following a series of drug-related violent incidents, The Haçienda closed in 1997. [20] The First World War interrupted access to the export markets. The band has, since 1970, consisted of bassist/vocalist Dusty Hill, vocalist/guitarist Billy Gibbons (the band's leader, main lyricist and musical arranger), and drummer Frank Beard. [236][237] Student radio stations include Fuse FM at the University of Manchester and MMU Radio at the Manchester Metropolitan University. The ITV franchise Granada Television has been based in Manchester since 1954. The widespread use of red brick characterises the city, much of the architecture of which harks back to its days as a global centre for the cotton trade. The Women's Team goalkeeper traces back over her steps that let her to Manchester United. [188] Also associated with the city is the Victorian poet and novelist Isabella Banks, famed for her 1876 novel The Manchester Man. [187] She probably envisioned Manchester Cathedral churchyard as the burial place for Jane's parents and the birthplace of Jane herself. Traffic declined, and the port closed in 1982. There were 76,095 undergraduate and postgraduate students at Manchester Metropolitan University, the University of Manchester and Royal Northern College of Music in the 2011/2012 academic year. Charles Dickens is reputed to have set his novel Hard Times in the city, and though partly modelled on Preston, it shows the influence of his friend Mrs Gaskell. They meet on a Monday evening 7:30 - 9pm, in Didsbury. [170] The Museum of Transport displays a collection of historic buses and trams. The main classical music venue was the Free Trade Hall on Peter Street until the opening in 1996 of the 2,500 seat Bridgewater Hall.[163]. The city has a population of 547,627 (as of 2018)[7] and lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.7 million[8] and second-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.3 million. [195] The night-time economy has a value of about £100 million. A firefighter suffered a minor knee injury and was treated at the scene, said Beattie. The expansion of international trade links during the Industrial Revolution led to the introduction of the first consuls in the 1820s and since then over 800, from all parts of the world, have been based in Manchester. Manchester is well known as a city of sport. Leader, John Daniel (d 1899) Newspaper Proprietor and Antiquary ; Leader, Robert (1809-1885) Sheffield Journalist and Politician; Leader, Robert Eadon (d 1922) Newspaper Proprietor and Antiquary; Leechman, William (1706-1785) Principal of Glasgow University; Leighton, Hb (d 1977) Architect; Leland, Thomas (1722-1785) Historian Reported at 9:53 a.m. Friday, the two-alarm fire at 1105 Union Avenue remains under investigation but is believed to be electrical, Laconia Fire Chief Kirk Beattie said. [20] In 1878 the GPO (the forerunner of British Telecom) provided its first telephones to a firm in Manchester.[36]. "[31] Engineering firms initially made machines for the cotton trade, but diversified into general manufacture. [192], Public houses in the Canal Street area have had an LGBTQ+ clientele since at least 1940,[192] and now form the centre of Manchester's LGBTQ+ community. [30] However, this period of decline coincided with the rise of the city as the financial centre of the region. [155] Another notable contemporary band from near Manchester is The Courteeners consisting of Liam Fray and four close friends. Charles Worsley, who sat for the city for only a year, was later appointed Major General for Lancashire, Cheshire and Staffordshire during the Rule of the Major Generals. [15][14], The Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in what is now known as Northern England; they had a stronghold in the locality at a sandstone outcrop on which Manchester Cathedral now stands, opposite the bank of the River Irwell. [30] Thereafter the number began to decline and Manchester was surpassed as the largest centre of cotton spinning by Bolton in the 1850s and Oldham in the 1860s. [111] On the other hand, Greater Manchester is home to more multi-millionaires than anywhere outside London, with the City of Manchester taking up most of the tally. Many of the big clubs suffered problems with organised crime at that time; Haslam describes one where staff were so completely intimidated that free admission and drinks were demanded (and given) and drugs were openly dealt. It caused worldwide condemnation and changed the UK's threat level to "critical" for the first time since 2007. The University of Manchester, Manchester Metropolitan University and Royal Northern College of Music. [62] Between 1890 and 1933, more areas were added to the city which had been administered by Lancashire County Council, including former villages such as Burnage, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Didsbury, Fallowfield, Levenshulme, Longsight, and Withington. 101, state police say, Hassan to Biden: Return the POW/MIA flag to White House. Commerce was supported by financial service industries such as banking and insurance..mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbinner{display:flex;flex-direction:column}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .trow{display:flex;flex-direction:row;clear:left;flex-wrap:wrap;width:100%;box-sizing:border-box}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .tsingle{margin:1px;float:left}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .theader{clear:both;font-weight:bold;text-align:center;align-self:center;background-color:transparent;width:100%}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbcaption{background-color:transparent}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .text-align-left{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .text-align-right{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .text-align-center{text-align:center}@media all and (max-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbinner{width:100%!important;box-sizing:border-box;max-width:none!important;align-items:center}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .trow{justify-content:center}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .tsingle{float:none!important;max-width:100%!important;box-sizing:border-box;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .tsingle .thumbcaption{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .trow>.thumbcaption{text-align:center}}, Trade, and feeding the growing population, required a large transport and distribution infrastructure: the canal system was extended, and Manchester became one end of the world's first intercity passenger railway—the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. [70] Snowfalls are not common in the city because of the urban warming effect but the West Pennine Moors to the north-west, South Pennines to the north-east and Peak District to the east receive more snow, which can close roads leading out of the city. Contract Memo 59574 - Manchester, NH - Maintenance at Grenier Industrial Park, Sept. 15, 1975. Manchester (/ ˈ m æ n tʃ ɪ s t ər,-tʃ ɛ s-/) is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England.The city has a population of 547,627 (as of 2018) and lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.7 million and second-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.3 million. [197] The period was the subject of the movie 24 Hour Party People. [20] Manchester's Irish Festival, including a St Patrick's Day parade, is one of Europe's largest. [202] Together they have a combined population of 76,025 students in higher education as of 2015,[203] although almost 6,000 of them were based at Manchester Metropolitan University's campuses at Crewe and Alsager in Cheshire.[204]. The Manchester Ship Canal was built between 1888 and 1894, in some sections by canalisation of the Rivers Irwell and Mersey, running 36 miles (58 km)[37] from Salford to Eastham Locks on the tidal Mersey. The number of cotton mills in Manchester itself reached a peak of 108 in 1853. [239][240] In addition, the British Council maintains a metropolitan centre in Manchester. Later these were taken over by First Greater Manchester and Stagecoach Manchester. [228][229] The great majority of cotton spinning took place in the towns of south Lancashire and north Cheshire, and Manchester was for a time the most productive centre of cotton processing.[30]. [101] The wider metropolitan economy is the second largest in the United Kingdom. It was literally a museum in itself.”. In 1780, Richard Arkwright began construction of Manchester's first cotton mill. [43] Manchester Cathedral, Royal Exchange and Free Trade Hall were among the buildings seriously damaged; restoration of the cathedral took 20 years. [17] Their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Salford and Stretford. Manchester Town Hall, in Albert Square, was built in the Gothic revival style and is seen as one of the most important Victorian buildings in England. [17] Central Manchester has been permanently settled since this time. [20] The Irwell and Mersey were made navigable by 1736, opening a route from Manchester to the sea docks on the Mersey. [212] Manchester City's home ground is the City of Manchester Stadium (also known as the Etihad Stadium for sponsorship purposes); its former ground, Maine Road was demolished in 2003. “And like I said, we had a lot of inventory and we had just received some shipments — shirts, sweatshirts, pins, patches — you name it” – which was lost in the fire, he said. [9] It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. St. Clair estimated losses to be in “the hundreds of thousands of dollars.”. [216] Recent sporting events hosted by Manchester include the 2013 Ashes series, 2013 Rugby League World Cup and the 2015 Rugby World Cup. [156] In terms of concertgoers, it is the busiest indoor arena in the world, ahead of Madison Square Garden in New York and The O2 Arena in London, which are second and third busiest. [104] The city had a relatively sharp increase in the number of business deaths, the largest increase in all the core cities, but this was offset by strong growth in new businesses, resulting in strong net growth. Home; Browse by Title; Browse by State; Genealogy Research; More; Refresh App . The Manchester station group – comprising Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Victoria, Manchester Oxford Road and Deansgate – is the third busiest in the United Kingdom, with 44.9 million passengers recorded in 2017/2018. There is a mix of high-density urban and suburban locations. “We hard yard-long photos that dated back to the turn of the century. [179][180] Manchester in the 19th century featured in works highlighting the changes that industrialisation had brought. Manchester rivals United and City are vying for first place in the Premier League when they play games back-to-back. [186] It is now open as a literary museum. A larger-than-life statue of Abraham Lincoln by George Gray Barnard in the eponymous Lincoln Square (having stood for many years in Platt Fields) was presented to the city by Mr and Mrs Charles Phelps Taft of Cincinnati, Ohio, to mark the part Lancashire played in the cotton famine and American Civil War of 1861–1865. [64] Andy Burnham was elected as the first Mayor of Greater Manchester in 2017. It was Manchester's first municipal airport and became the site of the first air traffic control tower in the UK, and the first municipal airfield in the UK to be licensed by the Air Ministry. [26], Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282. The largest to be detonated on British soil, the bomb injured over 200 people, heavily damaged nearby buildings, and broke windows 1⁄2 mile (800 m) away. Generally cloudy. Its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. A smaller City Airport Manchester exists 9.3 km (6 mi) to the west of Manchester city centre. [160] Manchester also has the most indie and rock music events outside London. [238] A community radio network is coordinated by Radio Regen, with stations covering Ardwick, Longsight and Levenshulme (All FM 96.9) and Wythenshawe (Wythenshawe FM 97.2). Manchester Arndale is the UK's largest city-centre shopping centre. Manchester regained its borough status in 1838, and comprised the townships of Beswick, Cheetham Hill, Chorlton upon Medlock and Hulme. Beattie said a bystander alerted firefighters to the apartment resident trapped on the second floor, who was removed and later refused medical treatment. Summer daytime temperatures regularly top 20 Celsius, quite often reaching 25 Celsius on sunny days during July and August in particular. [60], The City of Manchester is governed by the Manchester City Council. [171] Trafford Park in the neighbouring borough of Trafford is home to Imperial War Museum North. [123] A Concorde is on display near Manchester Airport. 22 January - 13:30 Your daily round up of news, views and features on all things United. At its height, 1,500 journalists were employed, earning the city the nickname "second Fleet Street". Its main pop music venue is Manchester Arena, voted "International Venue of the Year" in 2007[156] With over 21,000 seats, it is the largest arena of its type in Europe. Manchester hosts consular services for most of the north of England. You have permission to edit this article. Manchester suffered greatly from the Great Depression and the underlying structural changes that began to supplant the old industries, including textile manufacture. Debris lies outside the Laconia Motorcycle Week Association headquarters on Union Avenue in Laconia on Monday after it was struck by fire. [20], Regeneration began in the late 1980s, with initiatives such as the Metrolink, the Bridgewater Concert Hall, the Manchester Arena, and (in Salford) the rebranding of the port as Salford Quays. Cotton processing in other parts of the world increased, often on machines produced in Manchester. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. The latter exemplifies a new surge in high-rise building. The cost of the immediate damage was initially estimated at £50 million, but this was quickly revised upwards. From 1975, BBC programmes including Mastermind,[230] and Real Story,[231] were made at New Broadcasting House on Oxford Road. Letitia Landon's poem Manchester in Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1835, records the rapid growth of the city and its cultural importance. 135–149. [126] The High Speed 2 link to Birmingham and London is also planned, which if built will include a 12 km (7 mi) tunnel under Manchester on the final approach into an upgraded Piccadilly station. "[20] The cathedral and Chetham's buildings are the only significant survivors of Leland's Manchester. [48], Manchester has a history of attacks attributed to Irish Republicans, including the Manchester Martyrs of 1867, arson in 1920, a series of explosions in 1939, and two bombs in 1992. [93], Kidd identifies Moss Side, Longsight, Cheetham Hill, Rusholme, as centres of population for ethnic minorities. The economy grew relatively strongly between 2002 and 2012, when growth was 2.3 per cent above the national average. Manchester began expanding "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century as people flocked to the city for work from Scotland, Wales, Ireland and other areas of England as part of a process of unplanned urbanisation brought on by the Industrial Revolution. Ice fisherman Scott Leslie froze in his tracks when he saw his bobhouse sinking last weekend on Burns Pond in Whitefield. The then Labour leader … [113], Women fare better in Manchester than the rest of the country in comparative pay with men. He wrote here the dystopian satire A Clockwork Orange in 1962. At the University of Manchester, Ernest Rutherford first split the atom in 1917, Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn and Geoff Tootill developed the world's first stored-program computer in 1948, and Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov isolated the first graphene in 2004. This was attributed to a 5.6 per cent increase in house prices and local investment in infrastructure and in Manchester Airport. [115], Manchester has the largest UK office market outside London, according to GVA Grimley, with a quarterly office uptake (averaged over 2010–2014) of some 250,000 square ft – equivalent to the quarterly office uptake of Leeds, Liverpool and Newcastle combined and 90,000 square feet more than the nearest rival, Birmingham. Makes Changes To Metro Distribution", "New quality weekly for Manchester is a good idea on paper", "£1bn vision for former ITV site revealed", "The creative media industries and workforce in North West England", "ITV removes famous Granada sign from Manchester studios", "Party People returns as presenter Rob McLoughlin celebrates thirtieth year at ITV", "Championing sustainable TV production in the nations and regions", "BBC One's Real Story with Fiona Bruce series comes to end in 2007", "International Emmys Awards to honor Al Gore", "Television & Radio Stations in Manchester", "Manchester's Channel M closes after 12 years", "A Guide to Radio Stations in and Around North West England", "Manchester City Council: International civic links", "List of Consulates, Consulate Generals and High Commissioners", Official tourist board site of Manchester, List of civil parishes in Greater Manchester, Parliamentary constituencies and Members of Parliament, 1830 warehouse, Liverpool Road railway station, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Manchester&oldid=1002067653, 1st-century establishments in Roman Britain, Metropolitan boroughs of Greater Manchester, Populated places established in the 1st century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 18:03. Manchester lost 150,000 jobs in manufacturing between 1961 and 1983. ", "Release Edition Reference Tables: Business Demography, 2012", "Manchester Airports Group dividend windfall for councils", "South Manchester: Living in the area: Introducing South Manchester", "The English Indices of Deprivation 2010: Local Authorities District Summaries File Notes", "Boom city Manchester has more super-rich than anywhere outside London", "Education and skills in your area: Manchester LA", "The Big Nine – Regional Office Review – Q4 2014", "Prepare for regional renaissance as businesses favour 'northshoring, "One Angel Square, Co-operative Group HQ", "A History of the World: Liverpool Road Station sundial", "Extra track suggested to ease Manchester's rail bottlenecks", "HS2 to enter Manchester via tunnel under city", "George Osborne launches £600m Northern Hub rail project", "UK's railway stations with most train delays revealed", "New Metrolink line to Wythenshawe and Manchester Airport to open on November 3 – a year ahead of schedule", "Light Rail and Tram Statistics: England 2016/17", "Passenger trams start running to and from Rochdale town centre for first time in 80 years", "Metrolink's Trafford Park £350m Tramline Approved", "Enabling works begin on new Trafford Park Metrolink line", "Stagecoach welcomes government funding for Greater Manchester transport strategy", "Manchester Airport is Officially 'A380 Ready, "Giant Airbus A380 lands at Manchester Airport", "Airport History: City Airport and Heliport", "Where to start: City Airport and Heliport", "Manchester's Waxi water taxi service runs aground after two years – and the boats are being sold off too", "Census shows more people in Manchester are cycling to work", "Pollstar Concert Industry Awards Winners Archives", "M.E.N Named Most Popular Entertainment Venue on Planet", "Trof presents the Deaf Institute: café, bar and music hall", "Manchester: the UK's rock and indie music capital", "New home for Cornerhouse and Library Theatre in £19m arts centre plan", "The Guardian view on Manchester's new cultural space: from one kind of factory to another", "The Factory Manchester £110m arts venue approved", Executive meeting: 16. [14][15] However, more recent work suggests that it could come from *mamma ("mother", in reference to a local river goddess). The largest open space in the city, at around 260 hectares (642 acres),[67] is Heaton Park. The Science and Industry Museum, housed in the former Liverpool Road railway station, has a large collection of steam locomotives, industrial machinery, aircraft and a replica of the world's first stored computer program (known as the Manchester Baby). In more recent years, temperatures have occasionally reached over 30 Celsius. The National Indoor BMX Arena (2,000 capacity) adjacent to the velodrome opened in 2011. Old mills have been converted into apartments. Today, the city is well served by its rail network although it is now working to capacity,[127] and is at the centre of an extensive county-wide railway network, including the West Coast Main Line, with two mainline stations: Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Victoria. [102] It is ranked as a beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[103]. Singer-songwriter Ren Harvieu is also from Greater Manchester. Please log in, or sign up for a new account to continue reading. Contract Memo 59352-A - Manchester, NH - Work on crossings through the millyard, July 28, 1976. [62] By 1846, with increasing population and greater industrialisation, the Borough Council had taken over the powers of the "Police Commissioners".

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